EC Raw Binary Format (CH-DAV)


See here for more info about the EC raw binary format.

 

Legend

An overview of used abbreviations can be found here: Abbreviations

 

ICOS Setup since 2014 (ETH binary files)

wdt_ID Year Binaries From Binaries To BICO SA GA 1 GA 2 FR SA Ori GA1S GA2S Notes
33 2018_1 2017123119.X00 2018032107.X00 A HS50-A IRGA72-A QCL-C D1 / D2 35m / 270° N+1 E+14.2 V-1.2 TL100 TD0.53 N-2 E+15.4 V-8.3 (4)
11 2014_2 2014072415.d20 2014123119.d00 C HS50-B IRGA72-B - B 35m / 270° N+2 E+22.1 V-5.7 - (1)
32 2017_2 2017071014.X31 2017123119.X00 A HS50-A IRGA72-A QCL-C D1 / D2 35m / 270° N+1 E+14.2 V-1.2 TL100 TD0.53 N-2 E+15.4 V-8.3 (3)
30 2016_1 2015123119.X00 2016061407.X00 B HS50-B IRGA72-B QCL-C C1 / C3 35m / 270° N+2 E+22.1 V-5.7 TL50 TD0.53 N-2 E+15.4 V-8.3 TL5700 TD0.4
31 2017_1 2016123119.X00 2017071013.X00 B HS50-B IRGA72-B QCL-C C4 / C3 35m / 270° N+1 E+14.2 V-1.2 TL100 TD0.53 N-2 E+15.4 V-8.3
17 2015_2 2015062312.X39 2015111313.X00 C HS50-B IRGA72-B - B 35m / 270° N+2 E+22.1 V-5.7 -
18 2015_3 2015111318.X38 2015120107.X00 B HS50-B IRGA72-B QCL-C C1 / C2 35m / 270° N+2 E+22.1 V-5.7 N0 E0 V-17.7 (2) (15)
34 2018_2 2018032113.X00 2018043013.X58 A HS50-A (IRGA72-A) (QCL-C) (D1) / (D2) 35m / 270° N+1 E+14.2 V-1.2 TL100 TD0.53 N-2 E+15.4 V-8.3 (5) (6)
35 2018_3 2018043014.X59 2018100113.X46 A HS50-A IRGA72-A (QCL-C) 35m / 270° N+1 E+14.2 V-1.2 TL100 TD0.53 N-2 E+15.4 V-8.3 (7)
41 2018_5 2018100810.X46 2018101013.X00 ? HS50-A IRGA72-? (QCL-C) 35m / 270° N+1 E+14.2 V-1.2 TL100 TD0.53 N-2 E+15.4 V-8.3 (10) (8)
Year Binaries From Binaries To BICO SA GA 1 GA 2 FR SA Ori GA1S GA2S Notes

Notes

(1) Raw binary file ending was changed to “*.d*”
(2) QCL is now part of the data chain.
(3) Raw data now contains additional data from Gill HS50 and IRGA72, as required by ICOS Instruction Documents:

  • HS50: has now two new columns StaA_SD and StaD_SA, and instead of Inclinometer_x and Inclinometer_y there is only one column Inclinometer. In total, there are now 7 columns instead of 6.
  • IRGA72: has now 13 columns instead of 12 columns.
    Now: data_size, status_code, diag_val (new), signal_strength (new), h2o_ppt, co2_ppm, h2o_mmol_m3, co2_mmol_m3, cell_temp_in_deg_c, cell_press_hpa, atm_press_hpa, cooler_v, flow_l_min
    (Before: data_size, status_code, status_byte, h2o_ppt, co2_ppm, h2o_mmol_m3, co2_mmol_m3, temp_deg_c, press_hpa, atm_press_hpa, cooler_v, flow_l_min)
  • QCL: no change

(4) IRGA72 was dismounted on 2018-03-21 and sent to Licor for factory calibration.
(5) No IRGA72 data (instrument in factory calibration), but data block is still in the data stream (empty data).
(6) QCL was dismounted and sent back to the factory for repairs. The QCL data is still part of the raw data files (empty data).
(7) IRGA72 re-installed at site on 2018-04-30.

(8) ICOS sync test 2018: During 2018_4 and 2018_5, the sequence in the raw binary files changed. It is tricky to find out the correct sequence, but since the CO2 mixing ratio is missing from the raw data files in 2018_4, it is recommended to calculate fluxes for this time period from the ICOS Setup since 2018 (ICOS csv files) files instead. Those files also contain CO2 mixing ratio during this sync test period.

(9) ICOS sync test 2018: SA with 2 additional analogue channels, IRGA72 in analogue test mode:

  • Sequence during analogue test:
    DiagWord, Cooler, AUX3, H2OD, CO2D, Temp, Pres, Apres, AUX1, H2OMFD
    (therefore missing are: CO2MFD, VolFlowRate …)
  • (file 2018100113.X53: SA still without analogue channels, but IRGA72 is already in the analogue test mode)

(10) ICOS sync test 2018: SA with 2 additional analogue channels, IRGA72 back in normal mode:

  • therefore default sequence in IRGA72:
    DiagWord, H2OMFD, CO2MFD, H2OD, CO2D, Temp, Pres, APres, Cooler, VolFlowRate

(11) Back to the regular file format, same as (6). SA now again without analogue channels, IRGA72 in normal mode.
(12) The HS100-A has the same binary file format as HS50-A, therefore this time period (HS100-A) has the same BICO group as the the previous time period (HS50-A).
(13) IRGA72 heated intake tube added. At the same time, the IRGA72 inlet was changed to a new location. QCL inlet unchanged.
(14) QCL inlet was moved to new position.IRGA72 inlet unchanged.
(15) Note that the IRGA72 fluxes for 2015_3 and 2015_4 can be calculated in one go, because the format of the two periods is the same and in 2015_4 only the separation for the QCL changed (but not for the IRGA72).
(16) The file 2019082913.X00 seems to be erroneous and must be skipped.
(17) The file 2019102513.X00 seems to be erroneous and must be skipped.
(18) I assume that from this day on the longer intake tube (100cm) is used for the IRGA72. The GIN fieldbook entry for 15 Jun 2016: “modified sonic-irga mount of the eddy setup (HS-50 with LI-7200) to adapt for the longer LI-7200 intake tube (official heated intake tube for the LI-7200 required for ICOS)”. -LH

 

ICOS Setup since 2018 (ICOS csv files)

wdt_ID Year Format Binaries From Binaries To SA GA 1 GA 2 SA Orientation Notes
33 2018_1 CH-Dav_EC_201801171900_L01_F01.csv CH-Dav_EC_201805290930_L01_F01.csv HS50 IRGA72 270 (1), (7)
37 2018_3 CH-DAV_FRMT-ICOS-L01-F01 CH-Dav_EC_201808271530_L01_F01.csv CH-Dav_EC_201810011330_L01_F01.csv HS50 IRGA72 270 (3)
38 2018_4 CH-DAV_FRMT-ICOS-L01-F02 CH-Dav_EC_201810011400_L01_F01.csv CH-Dav_EC_201810081030_L01_F01.csv HS50 IRGA72 270 (4), ICOS sync test
43 2019_1 CH-DAV_FRMT-ICOS-L01-F05 CH-Dav_EC_201901010000_L01_F05.csv running HS50 IRGA72 270
36 2018_2 CH-Dav_EC_201805291600_L01_F01.csv CH-Dav_EC_201808271500_L01_F01.csv HS50 IRGA72 270 (2)
41 2018_5 CH-DAV_FRMT-ICOS-L01-F04 CH-Dav_EC_201810081100_L01_F04.csv CH-Dav_EC_201810101600_L01_F04.csv HS50 IRGA72 270 (5)
42 2018_6 CH-DAV_FRMT-ICOS-L01-F05 CH-Dav_EC_201810101700_L01_F05.csv CH-Dav_EC_201812312330_L01_F05.csv HS50 IRGA72 270 (6)
Year Format Binaries From Binaries To SA GA 1 GA 2 SA Orientation Notes

Notes

(1) 2018_1: Initial format for ICOS.


(2) 2018_2: Refined ICOS format, following the recommendations by the ETC.


(3) 2018_3: Regular ICOS format. TA_SONIC is now given in Kelvin instead of °C.


(4) 2018_4: ICOS sync test: Start of synchronisation tests for ICOS. The 2 files shown here contain additional columns: AN1, AN2, AUX1, AUX2, AUX3, AUX4. For ICOS, this format change required a new header file, and the filename requires a new Fxx file number (not done!). The file number in brackets shows the correct file number (F02), but at the time of the tests we missed to rename the files, i.e. the files still show F01 but should be F02.


(5) 2018_5: ICOS Sync Test finished, data format is basically the same as 2018_3, BUT there is an additional column in the data that should not be there. This additional column does not have a header entry, which means that all other columns after this additional column are shifted by one in relation to the data. The problem is illustrated here: 2018-10-10_wrong_header_ICOS_EC_files.xlsx

The header says "PRESS_DELTA", "COOLER_V", but it should say something like "PRESS_DELTA", "AUX1", "COOLER_V". This means, that all columns after "PRESS_DELTA" are shifted by one.

  • In summary, these files have this header:
    "TIMESTAMP","U","V","W","T_SONIC","SA_DIAG_TYPE","SA_DIAG_VALUE","GA_DIAG_CODE","CO2_CONC",
    "H2O_CONC","T_CELL","PRESS_CELL","PRESS_BOX","PRESS_DELTA","COOLER_V","CO2","CO2_DRY","H2O",
    "H2O_DRY","T_DEW","T_CELL_IN","T_CELL_OUT","FLOW_VOLRATE","FLOW_PRESS","H2O_POW_SAM","H2O_POW_REF",
    "CO2_POW_SAM","CO2_POW_REF","GA_TUBE_HEAT","GA_TUBE_HEAT_V"
    , (+1 empty header column at the end) 
  • But they should have something like this:
    "TIMESTAMP","U","V","W","T_SONIC","SA_DIAG_TYPE","SA_DIAG_VALUE","GA_DIAG_CODE","CO2_CONC",
    "H2O_CONC","T_CELL","PRESS_CELL","PRESS_BOX","PRESS_DELTA","AUX1","COOLER_V","CO2","CO2_DRY","H2O",
    "H2O_DRY","T_DEW","T_CELL_IN","T_CELL_OUT","FLOW_VOLRATE","FLOW_PRESS","H2O_POW_SAM","H2O_POW_REF",
    "CO2_POW_SAM","CO2_POW_REF","GA_TUBE_HEAT","GA_TUBE_HEAT_V"

ICOS mandates to give a new file number to the raw data file, we used F04. Regularly, this would have been F03, but since the assumed file format change for F03 is obsolete we stick with the already implemented F04.


(6) 2018_6: Regular ICOS format. Same as 2018_03 before sync test. The wrong header from 2018_5 is now corrected.The correct header is: “TIMESTAMP”,”U”,”V”,”W”,”T_SONIC”,”SA_DIAG_TYPE”,”SA_DIAG_VALUE”,”GA_DIAG_CODE”,”CO2_CONC”,”H2O_CONC”,”T_CELL”,”PRESS_CELL”,”PRESS_BOX”,”PRESS_DELTA”,”COOLER_V”,”CO2″,”CO2_DRY”,”H2O”,”H2O_DRY”,”T_DEW”,”T_CELL_IN”,”T_CELL_OUT”,”FLOW_VOLRATE”,”FLOW_PRESS”,”H2O_POW_SAM”,”H2O_POW_REF”,”CO2_POW_SAM”,”CO2_POW_REF”,”GA_TUBE_HEAT”,”GA_TUBE_HEAT_V”


(7) The north off-set of the sonic anemometer was determined via this map: direct link

ICOS Sync Test 2018

The synchronization test as required by ICOS was performed in October 2018. The sync test file that was submitted to ICOS covers the time period:

  • Start: 2018-10-02 11:02:00.05
  • End: 2018-10-04 15:00:00.00

 

Non-ICOS Setup 1997-2016 (ETH binary files)

wdt_ID Year Binaries From Binaries To BICO SA GA 1 GA 2 FR SA Ori GA1S GA2S Notes
1 2005_2 2005080916.b40 2005123123.b00 D R2 IRGA75 - 35m / 299° - (2)
2 2006_1 2005123123.b00 2006121905.b01 D R2 IRGA75 - 35m / 299° - (2)
3 2006_2 2006122012.b50 2006123123.b00 A R3 IRGA75 - 35m / 319° - (4)
4 2007_1 2006123123.b00 2007052905.b01 A R3 IRGA75 - 35m / 319° - (4)
5 2007_2 2007052908.b10 2007123123.b00 A R3 IRGA75 - 35m / 319° - -
6 2008_1 2007123123.b00 2008123123.b00 A R3 IRGA75 - 35m / 319° - -
7 2009_1 2008123123.b00 2009123123.b00 A R3 IRGA75 - 35m / 319° - -
8 2010_1 2009123123.b00 2010123123.b00 A R3 IRGA75 - 35m / 319° - -
9 2011_1 2010123123.b00 2011123123.b59 A R3 IRGA75 - 35m / 319° - (9)
10 2012_1 2011123123.b59 2012101211.b00 A R3 IRGA75 - 35m / 319° - -
Year Binaries From Binaries To BICO SA GA 1 GA 2 FR SA Ori GA1S GA2S Notes

Notes

General: check the Article locations.table for more information about legacy settings, especially for sonic orientation. In this file, different offsets are given than in the Table above, needs check when doing new final flux runs.

(1) Data logged at 20.825 Hz.
(2) See “Note on wind direction 2005-08-09 until 2006-12-16” below.
(3a) Between Davos011123_07.raw and Davos011231_23.raw, wind direction looks correct if -60° compared to the other time periods 1997-2005 (IRGA62).
(3b) Between Davos011231_23.raw and Davos020209_11.raw, wind direction looks correct if -60° compared to the other time periods 1997-2005 (IRGA62).
(4) Data logged at 33Hz.
(5) IRGA75 data not available. During this time period fluxes have to be calculated using the IRGA72 data.
(6) IRGA72 data missing between 2014051520.b00 and 2014061214.b00.
(7) –
(8) IRGA72 dismounted, from now on now logged in separate raw binary files.
(9) For some reason there are 8 extra bytes in line #47688 in raw binary 2011121623.b00. It seems like the Li-7500 data coming from the instrument is stored twice in a row. This is the only file where this happened, the following files worked as expected. Field site was visited on 2011-12-16. 
(10) SIGNAL_STRENGTH (IRGA72): During this time period, high values indicate poor signal strength.
(11) SIGNAL_STRENGTH (IRGA72): including and after 2013110808.b01, high values indicate good signal strength.

Note on wind direction AFTER 2006-12-16

Wind direction in the EddyPro fluxes 2007b-2012a look very good and I (LH) assume they are right because new EddyPro 2011 wind direction looks the same as for the old ethflux fluxes. However, in the old ethflux flux results the wind direction changes abruptly on 2009-05-11, after this date ethflux results are the same as EddyPro results (validated using 2009 data). So, before this date it had probably been forgotten to adjust sonic orientation in ethflux.

Note on wind direction 2005-08-09 until 2006-12-16

The sonic r2 was used, maybe in “spar” mode. This would mean a different offset (30° difference) as compared to EddyPro wind direction calculated in “axis” mode. If orientation was 239° (a -80° difference to later) and “spar” instead of axis we can come up with 110° difference, this explains the difference approximately. Wind data looked right when I added 60° to the EddyPro wind direction output. v2016-06: for this time period I adjusted the sonic offset and changed it from 239° to 299° to account for the approx. 60° offset. LH

Note on wind direction 2006-12-17 until 2006-12-19

Wind data looked right when I subtracted 120° from the EddyPro wind direction output, i.e. for this time period I adjusted the wind direction manually in the FINAL_FLAG and ghg-europe_eddy results files. LH

 

Abbreviations: SA … sonic anemometer, GA … gas analyzer

 

 

Downloads

EddyPro Settings

.eddypro and .metadata files for flux calculations. These files contain info about the instrument setup, i.e. what instruments are installed and in which sequence. Processing options might need to be adjusted as needed.

File sizes approx. 10 KB.